Lecture Seven: UI Design Patterns


  • UI design doesn’t only focus on the aesthetics of an interactive but rather it gives the user the right tools to carry out goals.
  • UI is more than buttons or tools for the user, it should guide them and give them a positive experience. It connects the user with the interactive by allowing them to experience it hands on and give a lasting impression.
  • UI and UX is a good balance between aesthetics and interactiveness.
  • UX focuses on the way the user feels when using the interactive as well as how the elements of the design are placed, effects the way the user feels.
  • UI design patterns refers to the common problems that have common design solutions. The patterns are just reference points.
  • Common Navigation Patterns:
    • Tabs: Nav tabs and module tabs.
      • Tabs are a representation of real-world filing tabs. This idea is referred to as ‘skeuomorphism‘, known as the design concept of making items represent their real-world counterparts.
      • Tabs are ideal when content needs to be organised into sections and when it will fill the entire width of the screen. It also shows the user which part of the content is displayed. However, they wouldn’t be used when displaying articles i.e. a blog. Or when your content has a read more link, another navigation would be more appropiate.
    • Menus: Horizontal, vertical and accordion menus
      • When there is limited space on a website within extensive amounts of content, dropdown menus are ideal as well as displaying hierarchical navigational structure.
    • Jumping in Hierarchy: shortcut dropdown, fat footer, homelink and breadcrumbs.
      • Hamburger menus are a beneficial when the goal is space-saving and quick access.
      • A search bar with a dropdown menu that displays shortcuts to the most frequently visited sites of the user.
      • A fat footer allows users to quickly access specifics of a site without searching through navigation. However, most probably the more popular functions are displayed, but should not be used to the extent of a navigation as this would be deemed as poor web design.
      • Having the website title or brand logo set up as link to the home page is important, or even having a link placed somewhere on the page that links to the home page is helpful. Though, ensure it is displayed in the same spot on every page.
      • Breadcrumbs allow the user to understand which navigational buttons brought them to their current location, in a hierarchical structure, with the ability also browse back. This is a quick form of navigation, however it shouldn’t be the main or only form.
    • Content: Carousel, event calendar, article list. 
      • Carousels are used to show extensive amounts of items, particularly visual items i.e. movie posters, products etc.

How to Make Toast



  1. Grab a piece/s of toast.
  2. Safely ensure your toaster is plugged in and switched on.
  3. Put the toast in the available slots.
  4. Adjust the knob on the toaster according to how well cooked you prefer your bread. Remember the higher the number the knob is placed on, the toastier the bread.
  5. Push down the lever to activate the toasting process.
  6. Once your bread is finished, the toaster will spit out the bread.
  7. Examine if the toast is to your liking, if not repeat steps 4-5.
  8. After your bread has finished, place the bread on a plate and choose from the infinite number of toppings.





Screenshot (22)

Lecture One: Intro to Interactive Design


  • Essentially, Interaction Design examines the relationship between a computer system and the user.
  • It is the task of an Interaction Designer to make the handling of a system clear and straight forward for the user and to draw in their attention.
  • Three main ideas are central to Interaction Design; what does the user need to DO, how should the media make them FEEL and what should they already KNOW/what do they need to KNOW to operate the system. This “trinity” was compiled by Bill Verplank (the illustrator of the picture above as well as an Interaction Designer and researcher). 
  • Gillian Crampton Smith, well-known amongst the Interaction Design community states that Interaction Design shapes our everyday lives in a digital way. She continues “we’re not only designing it’s behaviour and it’s looks but the quality of the way we interact with it.